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A red aquascape: Arizona. In this video you will see James Findley, pro aquascaper and founder of The Green Machine, planting a huge Litre aquarium. In the wake of writing down thoughts and objectives Cara Membuat Air Aquascape Aquarium Bening Aquascape Indonesia Kampoeng. tempat berbagi info dan tips tentang membuat aquascape murah, memilih tanaman air, merawat filter, memilih lampu aquascape, dan merawat ikan hias. Ikan Pleco Hypostomus plecostomus (dikenal bahasa sehari-hari sebagai 'ikan.

They are the works that I consider classic examples of their given catagory. Some of these pictures might be familiar, and some may be new, but I consider all of them to be great artists in the own rite. There are many fine works in my collection of pictures that I did not include because that would be too daunting a task.

I have included a few pictures of each catagory to give examples that are representative of the catagory. Each person can make their own collection in order to choose what they want to do when the time comes to rescape. Here is my take on these ever expanding lists. Sebagai pemula, saya telah menimbun ratusan pics dari berbagai gaya dan jenis desain yang lain buat dalam rangka untuk lebih memahami bentuk seni.

Saya harus menempatkan semua pics di folder terpisah pada computor saya untuk melacak mereka dan menemukan kesamaan berkembang jadi saya pikir bahwa saya akan berbagi. NONE ini gambar adalah milikku Mereka adalah karya yang saya mempertimbangkan contoh-contoh klasik dari kategori jenjang mereka diberikan. Beberapa gambar mungkin tidak akrab, dan beberapa mungkin baru, tapi saya menganggap semua dari mereka untuk menjadi seniman besar dalam ritus sendiri.

Ada banyak bekerja dengan baik di saya koleksi gambar yang saya tidak termasuk karena akan terlalu menakutkan tugas. Saya telah menyertakan beberapa foto dari setiap kategori jenjang untuk memberikan contoh yang mewakili kategori. Setiap orang dapat membuat koleksi mereka sendiri untuk memilih apa yang ingin mereka lakukan ketika saatnya tiba untuk rescape. Arches Kategori Show This is a catagory that seems classic due to the memories of all of us as children make such things for our fish to swim through.

Here are some great examples: Cave Catagory Show Caves were the second thing that I tried to create as a kid It is a difficult stlye to get right but worth the effort. The last picture is mine due to lack of examples. Concave catagory Show This type is almost a stock standard and is so integral to the hobby that countless examples exist already. Here are a few classics Spoiler: Convex catagory Show Convex is the opposite and is usually based on a central mound.

Once again this form is also a classic and is integral to most aquatic design layouts as a foundation of form. Classic Dutch style Show One of the oldest known in the hobby, it is a complicated arrangement of different shapes, textures, hights, and colors with 'avenues' radiating from a central view point.

Some have compared it to shopping at a vegatable market with cases of different specimens on display.

There are rules to the depth of the substrate, hieght of terraces, appropriate water chemistry, and other considerations; even the placement of the tank in the household has a pointspread in judging. I have yet to attempt this labor intensive style but Plantbrain has done a magnificent job and has a thread worth seeing called 'Dutch something or other' I think.

Last edited by arvant; at Nano and pico tanks , Nov LA 1, Show The world in a dewdrop is the focus of this catagory. The smaller the tank the more amazing. The goal is to play with scale and perspective to such an extent that the tank looks much larger then it really is. Tweezers, nimble fingers, and patience are a must. Some micro tanks ae even too small for snails and redd cherry shrimp to live in.

The example below, made by Superwen is to be found in 2 Suhu Aquascape arvant the glass cup used for CO2 diffusing within the tank Rectangular Catagory Show This is a catagory that practically covers the back glass wall of the tank. The Dutch style falls into this catagory and may confront the scaper with the difficult task of portraying depth.

Tree stump catagory Show This catagory takes the viewers perspective down to the roots of a tree in the forest. There can be more then one but we are looking down on a mountain path and examining where we set foot. This style can also be expressed as the roots of a tree seeking nutrients at and below the waters edge as would be seen at any stream or slow moving river. Fsih find places to hide and visual exploring can be endless. Of the two perspectives- take your pick. If handled properly it can lead the eye of the viewer into the depths of the tank.

Many variations of this style exist. I have only include the obvious examples. Waterfall catagory Show This is a dramatic style that uses either sand or filter floss for its affect. Some artists even include a hidden air hose and catch basin to create the effect of falling water within an aquarium. It differs from the next catagory of streams in that the angle of decent of the 'water' is steeply inclined. It conveys a tranquil atmosphere. Two streams are usually the maximum for this iconic design element.

Fantasy catagory , Designer catagory From castles with moats to frodo's house. This catagory transports us to another world. Show This catagory for me is really amazing. Those who venture into this area really work with design in an unorthodox way. They make us rethink the way a tank can look and help us to enjoy the beauty of their unique visions Spoiler: Here are a few different interpretations of it.

I hope that there will be more to come from imaginative people. Wabi Kusa Catagory Show Dish gardens and fish have been with us forever.

Some of the earliest examples come from the art of Bonsai using 'Floating Isles' in a large shallow ceramic platter of water. Mosses, and miniature trees hung tenaciously from the rocky crags.

Here are a few versions of these green jewels. Other catagories Show I am sure that other catagories could be dreamt up- such as sculptural, free form, etc.


I am sure that you, gentle reader, gets the idea. These are most all of the main catagories of aquascaping that I have noticed and catalogued. Please share your thoughts and your own lists of your favorite tanks. This catagory is simple and straight foreward. It approaches the perspective of looking up at the 'leaves' of one to three trees. Its emphasis is on the branches and spreading canopy as a focal point. When you see this creation it becomes unmistakable as a masterful art form.

Seashore catagory Show I almost consider this a sub catagory but as I looked through my picture collection I noticed that this form has unique characteristics. If the artist wishes- the shoreline can drift off into the vanishing point thus enhancing the feel of lonely, romantic, coastline. Iwagumi Proper , Nov LA 1, Show This is a style with defined Japanese aethetics developed by ancient Zen Buddhist artistic principles 7 in all , and championed by Takashi Amano. Its stately introspective layout can be simple- but beware!

Simple does not equal easy. Mountain iwagumi Show This is a catagory that takes the viewer on a hot air balloon ride through the perspective of birds. A powerhead is considered part of the filtration system? Yes, indeed.

In freshwater aquariums, powerheads are used for water movement as well as in conjunction with an undergravel filter system.

If you're running a system where air stones drive the water flow in your undergravel filter, consider using a powerhead in one of the uplift tubes. Many come with a tube that is connected to the powerhead that hangs on the outside of the tank with an air flow valve.

This allows you to mix air with the water being pushed out of the powerhead. That can help increase surface agitation and aeration in your tank. Saltwater hobbyists frequently use multiple powerheads situated in a way that allows them to control the flow of the water in the tank or even better, to create turbulent water flows. Saltwater tanks usually require more water movement than freshwater tanks. It can be connected to the main tank and is sometimes apart of or separate from the sump.

You can even get a hang on the back of the tank type refugiums or DIY a power filter to use as a refugium. See the DIY refugium setup for more information.

A refugium provides isolation for those more delicate specimens that can easily and quickly become food for the larger fish in the display tank. Aquarium Sump A sump is also an external tank but one that has water lines connected to the display tank. They can be any size but are often smaller and placed hidden below the main tank in the cabinetry. Sumps can provide many benefits for you.


They can help with nutrient export by allowing certain macro algae types chaetomorpha, for example to grow uninterrupted from grazing by your herbivores in the display tank. Sumps also increase the total amount of water in the system. For instance, if your aquarium is 55 gallons and your sump is 20 gallons, you essentially have a 75 gallon tank.

This extra tank also gives you the ability to hide ugly equipment like filters and protein skimmers that could diminish the look of the display tank. Many saltwater hobbyists add any saltwater supplements to the sump instead of the main tank. Supplements such as Iodine, strontium, kalkwasser lime water dosing systems and others are often placed into or connected to the sump.

Is a sump absolutely necessary for a saltwater aquarium? No, they are not mandatory but they can definitely help in keeping your system water parameters stable and they can help hide equipment under the display in the cabinet. We'll start with a short list of the equipment you'll need and then give you a step by step guide on setting up or starting your first freshwater fish tank.

Aquarium Plant Paradise - Takashi Amano. STEP 1: Realize the responsibility involved. Learning how to set up a fish tank is not all that difficult, but there are some steps you should follow for a freshwater aquarium setup. First, you must realize a few things about an aquarium setup. A tropical fish tank is just like having a dog or a cat when it comes to the amount of effort on your part.

In order to have a successful freshwater tropical fish tank you will have to work at it. Once a week, or at most once every two weeks, you will need to perform some kind of maintenance on the tank. Most of the time you will be performing water changes. You will also have to feed your fish at least once a day. Setting up and running a fish tank does cost money. There are recurring expenses such as replacing filter media, downloading food, etc.

Check out FishLore. Saltwater Aquarium page to get an idea of the setup costs involved. If you are up to the challenge, please proceed! STEP 2: Decide on aquarium size. It's a good idea to have in mind what kind of fish you want to keep in your freshwater aquarium setup before you download an aquarium. Some fish only grow to be an inch or two, whereas other types of tropical fish can grow 12 or 13 inches or more in length! Knowing what kind of fish you want will help you decide the size of the tank they will need.

If this is your first time with an aquarium, it may be a good idea to start with a 10 or 20 gallon aquarium setup for now and stock it with some smaller and hardier species. STEP 3: Decide on the aquarium's location. Place your freshwater aquarium setup in an area where the light and temperature of the tank won't be affected by external sources such as windows and heater vents.

Sunlight that enters the room through an unshaded window could affect the temperature of your tank. This could also lead to green algae problems for your tank down the road. You will want to place your aquarium on a stand that will be able to hold its total weight. You also want to be sure that the floor is able to support the total weight of the aquarium and stand.

A good rule of thumb for determining the total weight of a full aquarium is 10 pounds per gallon of water. For example, a gallon tank will weigh approximately pounds when filled with water! STEP 4: download your aquarium and equipment. Now is a good time to decide on the type of aquarium filter you will want to use. You will also need to download a heater capable of heating the freshwater aquarium setup size you have.

download the gravel, plants, a power strip and other decorations. A good rule of thumb for the amount of gravel that you will need is 1 to 1. STEP 5: Set up your aquarium and stand. Wash out your tank with water only! Do not use soap or detergents. Soap residue left behind will be harmful for your tropical fish. If you are going to use an under gravel filter not recommended now would be the time to set it up as well. Be sure to wash the gravel thoroughly before adding it to your tank.

An easy way to do this is to put some of the rocks in a pasta strainer and wash them out in your bath tub. Then place the clean gravel in a clean 5-gallon bucket for transport to the aquarium. After adding the gravel you can place your plants and decorations. STEP 7: Add water to the aquarium.

To avoid messing up your gravel and plants, you can place a plate or saucer in the middle of FishLore. Use room temperature water when filling. To remove the chlorine and chloramine, use something like Tetra AquaSafe for Aquariums. Don't completely fill up the aquarium until you are sure of the layout of your decorations. Otherwise, when you place your arm in to move stuff around water is going to spill over. STEP 8: Set up equipment.

Install your heater but don't plug it in until the thermostat in the heater has adjusted to the water temperature.


This usually takes about 15 minutes or so. Hook up your filter and any other equipment you have, then top off the aquarium water in your freshwater aquarium setup to just under the hood lip. Place your hood and tank light on the aquarium and then check your power cords to be sure that they are free of water. I would also recommend using a drip loop on all of the power cords to be extra cautious. For more information on safety, read this great article on aquarium electrical safety.

Plug all of the equipment into a power strip and then "turn on" the aquarium. STEP 9. Wait, wait, wait and then wait some more. I know, you want to add some fish. But, in order to do this right you must wait until your aquarium has cycled before adding any fish. There are ways of speeding up this process.

Check out the nitrogen cycle page to learn more about starting the nitrogen cycle and how to speed it up. If you must use fish to cycle, try to get a hardier species like the zebra danio or cherry barb. You may notice your fish tank cycle kicking in gear if you start to get some white cloudy aquarium water after a few days. Once the homeadorning starts, little costs appear to hop out of the woodwork.

But you get the point. Everyones style is unique and different, and eachperson likes their own thing. Whatever you love - country decor, shabby chic decor,western decor or something altogether different, make it your own! Add your owndistinct touch to your style of home decor.

If you do your homework beforehand, and use theconsultation time wisely, this could be a headache free experience. You may enjoy itso much that who knows, maybe you will do something with that guest room before yourmother comes to visit. Recent Post. The 25 best ideas about Black Phone Wallpaper on. Magic Backgronds Background Background: I like to stir it around a bit to help break up any big clumps and evenly distribute the water.

Let this soak for a day or two. Come back and slowly dump the water off of the top.


Now add in more water so the soil is well covered. Step 2 Pour the excess water out of the container as you did when changing the water. Lay out the large plastic tarp, preferably in direct sunlight. Dump out the muddy soil and spread it rela- tively thin over the tarp. Allow the soil to dry completely. This can take a day or two and depends greatly on how warm the tem- perature is where you are drying the soil. Though due to its messy nature, I suggest doing it outdoors if possible.

When the soil is completely dry, add it back into the soaking con- tainer. The drying process is the part that allows the microbes in the soil to begin mineralizing the nutrients. Exposing it to air oxy- genates the soil.

Step 3 Repeat steps 1 and 2 three to four times. Repeating the steps is necessary to further mineralize the soil and remove any lingering fertilizers. The soil mineralizes the most during the time while it is still moist and exposed to air on the large tarp. By soaking it over again we reintroduce the needed moisture for this process to take place. When the soil is near fully mineralized it will have a very grainy texture. Another way to tell that the soil is ready is by smell.

There will be virtually no smell coming from the soil once it is mineralized.

Step 4 optional Screening the soil can help to remove any large organic ma- terials that the short mineraliza- tion process employed thus far cannot remove. I have setup tanks where I skipped Step 4 and others where I used it. I have found that adding this step to the process helps to further eliminate algae issues after a tank is newly setup. You can use a wooden frame with chicken wire stapled to four sides. Then place nylon screening material overtop.

Place a few handfuls of soil on top and gently push the soil across the surface of the screen. Make sure to put a container underneath to catch the sifted soil. Below is a picture of the sticks, leaves and stones that can be removed dur- ing this step. The resulting sifted soil will feel like airy sand. Step 5 Now that you have a miner- alized soil to use as the sub- strate, you will want to add in the aforementioned clay.

To add the clay you soak it in a container of water to help emul- sify it and make it easier to incor- porate into the soil. A second op- tion to add clay is to dry the clay in the open air and then crush it into a powder and add it to the soil.

In either case you will want to eventually add enough water to the mixture to form a nice runny mud. Step 6 optional Now comes the fun part of setting up the aquarium. Add the gravel of your choice just along the front and side edges of the aquarium bottom. Wet it just enough that it holds a slope and STEP 3: Mineralized topsoil in a separate container ready for preparation.

STEP 4: Screening setup made from scrap wood and chicken wire. Do- ing this step ensures that we will not see the different layers of substrate when viewing the tank from the front and sides. I prefer this coarse sand for many rea- sons. It is very dense and holds a slope for a long period of time. The finer granules also allow for easy planting. Step 7 Sprinkle a light dusting of both the dolomite and muriate of potash on the bottom glass of the tank. The bottom of the glass should still be somewhat visible.

STEP 5: Mineralized soil mud mixed with clay. STEP 6: Optional sand based layer on the sides serves as a retaining wall. If you skipped step 6 then sim- ply cover over the mud with the gravel of your choice. Step 10 Begin planting and filling the aquarium as you would any other planted aquarium. Use caution when filling the tank with water. Go slowly to avoid disturbing the substrate and uncovering the soil.

I hope this has inspired you to try something new. Tell me about yourself and how you got into planted aquariums. About 3 years ago I became interested in the planted aquarium hobby. During these three years I have learned a tremendous amount of information, and with practice have accomplished some nice aquascapes. When I was younger, I had kept aquariums on and off but these were fish only aquariums. I had always imagined plants as being too difficult attempt so I never really bothered too much with them.

Then one day while browsing the web I came across some pictures of beautifully aquascaped planted tanks and they intrigued me, how had these been done I wondered. After investigating a bit further I discovered a whole new world opening up for me, a new passion had begun. I found a whole scene dedicated to aquatic plant and aquascaping. I found forums with aquascapers evolving the art of aquascaping in a way that I never imagined existed.

The more I looked at the journals and photos of these aquascapes the more I wanted to get involved. From looking at some the pictures on the web and I knew almost immediately that I wanted my own piece of nature in my living room. Looks like you got bitten by the planted aquarium bug!

How did you start out learning the art of aquascaping? Well like many other beginners, I set out to grow aquatic plants as fast as I could. I put larger amounts of lighting over the tank that I had, put in a few plants and within a short space of time had lots of algae.

I did not let algae defeat me though. I persevered and spent some time learning the basics.

Once I managed growing healthy plants, I then started my first real attempts at aquascaping. Its been an enjoyable journey since then. Now all your perseverance and developing skills landed you a spot as our Aquascape in Focus. How did you come up with the idea for this aquascape? My main idea for this aquascape was take a small tank and give it a grand sense of scale and perspective.

I knew that given the size of the tank, the planting options would be limited and better off kept simple with just one plant type. I imagined the mountain scene would have the feel of being off in the distance somewhere like looking at a picture of the Alps in spring or summertime. I could go on to describe how I was inspired by some beautiful landscape but this wasn't the case here. The inspiration came in part from a couple of rocks in my possession. I tend to do a lot of dry runs with different rock layouts, for future aquascapes, and it was during one of these exercises that the idea came to me of doing the mountainscape.

These rocks had nice pointed features to them and after configuring them in different arrangements, I could see the potential for a mountain type scene. Once I came across the idea I knew immediately I wanted to try and portray a mountai n scene i n an aquascape. What types of rocks did you use and how did you manage to create the sloping effect in your aquascape?

The rocks used here are Seiryu rocks or mini landscape rocks that I have collected over the last couple of years. I would download maybe 5kg's here and there until I had built up about 25kg's of rocks in total for my collection. In this layout I would say I have used about 20kg's of rock.

The substrate is ADA Aquasoil, but it is basically mud at this stage. I used it in so many different rock layouts before this one, and because of my rough handling, the aquasoil has broken down, but it still grows plants fantastically well.

For this aquascape the compacted Top Initial hardscape design with high peaks and valleys Middle Small stems of Hemianthus callitrichoides ''Cuba'' cover the open areas Bottom One month later, the HC has spread and engulf the hills in green. I found if you let it dry out a little before adding water it becomes the right consistency for shaping and usually retains that shape under water. This allowed me to create the nice high slopes that I wanted.

Underpinning the aquascape are a couple of large rocks against the tightly packed ADA Aquasoil mud. I didn't have to use anything else to hold the foundation together. Although it only happened once, the only issue with using the Aquasoil mud was water clouding when rearrange rocks and plants.

But a a quick water change would put it right. Other than that, the slope grade has held its shape magnificently. Aquascape ebooks Many aquascapers have tendencies to fiddle with their aquascape. How did much of the aquascape developed on its own as opposed to you intervening? The aquascape was built up over the course of a few weeks.

As the HC grew in, the front planted section with the large frontal rocks stayed intact the whole time; I didn't change anything here. The rocks at the back section were swapped and changed around a few times as I tweaked the aquascape to find the best combination of rocks for the scene.

I would make changes and leave it for a couple of days and then come back and make more changes. It took quite a few goes to come up with the best combination. To finish off the rockwork I broke up a couple of rocks in my collection with a hammer and chisel to fill in some of the smaller pieces, this worked quite well for me. The HC was originally planted about a centimeter apart in small bunches, at week 4 it had fully carpeted the tank and at this stage I trimmed it back hard and about two weeks later I took the photographs.

In a tank of your size, you must have encountered some challenges, no? The greatest challenge was the rock layout itself. This was challenging in a small tank and sometimes I wished I had used a larger aquarium. The depth of the tank from front to back was the most limiting for me at only 30cm so I made life hard for myself in that respect.

Every centimeter of retail space counted as I tried to achieve the feeling of depth and scale in the aquascape.

Other than that, maintenance on the tank was rather easy. I used a good amount of light over the tank during the grow out period which kept the HC compact. Though changing the water this frequently is excessive, I wanted to avoid any potential algae issues. Because of the intense lighting scheme, and frequent water changes I was able to avoid algae problems throughout the lifespan of the scape. Though I cannot say for certain that water changes kept algae at bay, it certainly did not do any harm either way.

What is in stored for the future of this aquascape? Since these photos were taken I have moved this aquascape into a bigger tank and hopefully I have made some improvements to it as well.

The size of the original tank limited the ability to place the rocks and plants. Time will tell though.

I only moved the aquascape a few weeks ago. Lock stock and barrel, I moved everything, made the changes and replanted the HC. It is still early in the aquascape to see if it will work out the way I would like it to. The new larger tank certainly gives me a lot more room to design more rock formations and patterns. Af t er a successf ul l y completing your aquascape, how has your aquascaping tool belt and outlook changed?

I tend to look at nature in a different way now than I did before I took up the aquascaping hobby. I think once you get into the spirit of aquascaping, nature takes on a different persona. You become more aware of your surroundings, and notice the finer details that provide inspiration for the next scape. I would say that I am hooked on the aquascaping hobby. I started off with one tank but now I have four tanks of of all sizes!

I usually only manage time for two smaller aquascapes at a time though. This hobby can definitely grow in more ways than one if your not careful! I admit the hobby does have its frustrating moments, but with patience the final product is very rewarding. Clouding of ADA Aquasoil during a water change causes a beautiful mist resembling low lying clouds descending through the Mountainscape.

Eheim Water Parameters: The basic idea involves dosing more nutrients than the plants actually need, but in such a balance that algae cannot take advantage. This includes the micro as well as macronutrients, and works best for aquaria with high lighting and very dense planting.

Wait a minute. Well no, not really. Remembering that it is an imbalance of nutrients, rather than an excess which causes algae.

In order for algae to proliferate it needs other excess components such as lighting and C02 to consume the abundance of nutrients supplied by this fertilization method. EI is based on the effects of high lighting and stable CO2 injection at around 30ppm. The latter is far more accurate and shows real time results with color changes based on low, medium and high CO2 levels.

How does EI work? A standard EI schedule works around a 7-day week, which makes it easy enough to work out. On the Monday the first day , you would add your Macros, and on the Tuesday you relatively high Nitrate levels used in EI, the acidifying effect is not as noticeable as it is with CO2 injection.

You can use a solenoid on a timer to turn off the CO2 supply at night which can help to keep things stable. It should be turned on again an hour or two before the lights come on again in the morning to give the CO2 levels a chance to build up again.

Cara Membuat Air Aquascape Aquarium Bening Aquascape Indonesia Kampoeng Aquarium

Proper Mixture Ratios Having separate solutions for NO3, PO4 and Micros will allow you to alter the concentrations of each parameter, which is helpful when fighting algae or certain nutrient deficiencies. This resets the nutrient levels in the aquarium, and makes sure that the excess nutrients are removed.

The cycle starts again on the Monday with the Macros. This schedule can obviously be adjusted to suit your needs, but these are the basic principles. Powdered fertilisers are most commonly used when using the EI method because they are easy to administer. The other primary class of elements is lumped in what is known as micro elements which is a mixture of different minerals i. S ometi mes, but not necessarily, people will add Magnesium Sulphate MgSO4 to help with the buffering capacity of the water measured as KH.

Nitrates will also form nitric acid, which will try and push the pH down as well. Emersed grown Cryptocorynes has the advantage when it comes to sexual and asexual reproduction blooms and pollination. They will reproduce in greater numbers and in less time. Most importantly, an emergent crop and the consequent flowering is the only reliable form of cryptocorynes identification in most cases.Not acclimatizing the fish when transferring them to a new tank.

Arches Kategori Show This is a catagory that seems classic due to the memories of all of us as children make such things for our fish to swim through. Step 5 Now that you have a miner- alized soil to use as the sub- strate, you will want to add in the aforementioned clay.

Wait, wait, wait and then wait some more. Photo Credit: Sand softly, until the point when the complete looks somewhat worn. Wet it just enough that it holds a slope and STEP 3: In either case you will want to eventually add enough water to the mixture to form a nice runny mud.

Setiap orang dapat membuat koleksi mereka sendiri untuk memilih apa yang ingin mereka lakukan ketika saatnya tiba untuk rescape. The siphoning action of a power filter that hangs on the back of an aquarium does a decent job of this type of filtration.

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