# SPSS FOR PSYCHOLOGISTS PDF

SPSS for Psychologists. Fifth edition free to download. Find pdf exercises and their lapacalases.tk files below, along with multiple datasets. pdf exercises. Downloadable Exercises. All the resources on this website are free to download. Find PDF exercises and their lapacalases.tk data files below. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Mairi-Ann Cullen and others published SPSS for psychologists: A guide to data analysis using SPSS for.

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Why do psychologists need to know about statistics? 2 . How SPSS performs repeated-measures MANOVA can download a PDF copy. In psychology, a case is usually a person (i.e. an individual participant in the research). • Cases are very much SPSS Statistics jargon and are a wider and more. psychology, sociology, psychiatry, and other behavioral sciences, contain- ing as it does an of statistical analyses using the latest version of SPSS, SPSS

The easiest thing to do is to try to recover the material by dropping off the last bit of each URL and seeing if that gets you anywhere.

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There are many of them out there, and they are useful to illustrate important concepts, to serve as statistical calculators for statistical functions, and to simply run analyses. I have links to several of these on the applet page.

The glossary is a list of terms and their definitions. The main one that I point to is one that I wrote, but many other people have written them and I point to theirs as well.

I often am asked questions that stimulate me to go further into a topic and to write a page sometimes a very long one discussing that topic. For example, the intraclass correlation coefficient is an important statistic that I did not have space to discuss in the text. There is a link to a discussion that I wrote about that statistic. Actually Eshter did all the hard stuff, and I made suggestions as she went along.

SPSS is the most commonly available software for statistical analyses, and is easy to use. But we were asked if we could put together an introductory manual. That manual can be found at the above link. It refers to a slightly earlier version of SPSS, but that should make no difference to your use of it.

I have made important changes in this manual on the web site for the "Fundamentals" book. The link above will take you there. Do not be confused by the fact that the background has changed. At some other time I wrote another manual I no longer recall why that is a bit more fun to read, but is not as long. This one is called the Shorter Manual for lack of imagination. You can load it at the link above.

## CALCULATING AND INTERPRETING

I have written a review of basic arithmetic to accompany a more introductory book that I read. I am always surprised how often people forget some of the most basic material--myself included. You may well know everything in this review, but if you don't, or knew it but don't remember it now, the review should be helpful.

I can't resist adding what is perhaps the best advice I have. If there is something that you don't understand, just remember that "Google is your friend. I just did that and had , hits.

You can't tell me that there isn't going to be something useful in there. Supplemental Material Over the years I have assembled a large number of web pages that discuss material that is not covered in the text but go beyond what the text does cover.

Student Manual I have provided fairly complete answers to odd numbered questions. Under Target Variables, type the name of the new variable that you are creating. Here transscore is the name of the new variable. In the Numeric Expression box, type the formula that will be used in the transformation. In this example, the transscore is calculated by taking the original score and adding one. After clicking on OK in the original dialogue box, the transformed variables will appear in the data view window.

Page 14 of 36 Steps for Obtaining Correlational Statistics 1. First, enter data involving multiple variables. This is described elsewhere.

## SPSS for Psychologists (And Everybody Else)

After the data are entered, select the Analyze Correlate Bivariate option from the main menu. Steps for Obtaining the Correlations and Significance Tests 3. Select the variables you wish to analyze by clicking on them and hitting the arrow to move them into the Variables box.

This provides the correlation coefficient we discussed. Similarly, having two-tailed and flag significant correlations will create and display the significance tests discussed later in the class. If all you wish is a table of correlations with no descriptive statistics , click OK.

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Page 15 of 36 Steps for Obtaining Descriptive Statistics 7. If you wish to get the descriptive statistics as well, select the Options button. Another dialogue box will appear where you can choose various statistics.

Select Means and standard deviations and cross-product deviations and covariances.

When you are done, click Continue. Now click OK.

## Downloadable Exercises

Page 16 of 36 Steps for Obtaining Regression Statistics 1. After the data are entered, select the Analyze Regression Linear option from the main menu. Steps for Obtaining the Regression Coefficients 3. Select the outcome variable i.

## In this section:

Move the predictor variable to the Independent box. Click OK.

Steps for Obtaining the Significance Test 3. Select the variables you wish to analyze by clicking on them and hitting the arrow to move them into the Test Variables box. Be sure to enter a known or hypothesized mean into the Test Value field. If you do not enter a value here, SPSS will automatically use zero as the comparison mean.

Page 18 of 36 Steps for Altering the Confidence Interval 7. If you wish to alter the width of the confidence interval, select the Options button.

Another dialogue box will appear where you can change the confidence level. Select the variables you wish to analyze by clicking on both of them while holding down the CTRL key. Then click on the arrow to move the pair of variables to the Paired Variables box.

Page 20 of 36 Steps for Altering the Confidence Interval 6. Select the outcome variables you wish to analyze by clicking on them and hitting the arrow to move them into the Test Variables box. Move the variable that defines the different groups to the Grouping Variable box. Note that question marks will appear here and that you will need to follow the next set of steps in order to run the analyses.

Page 22 of 36 Steps for Defining the Groups to be Analyzed 6. A new dialog box will appear. Here you will need to indicate the numeric values you used in setting up the data file to refer to the groups.

In this example, a value of 1 for the variable group referred to Group 1 and a value of 2 for the variable group referred to Group 2. Steps for Altering the Confidence Interval First, enter the data. This is done in the same manner as entering two sample data described elsewhere but with additional groups. Select the outcome variables you wish to analyze by clicking on them and hitting the arrow to move them into the Dependent List box. Move the variable that defines the different groups to the Factor box.

SPSS will not ask you to define the groups you wish to compare; it simply will compare all groups defined by the factor.

Steps for Obtaining Descriptive Statistics 7. Select Descriptive.

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Steps for Obtaining Post Hoc Tests If you wish to obtain post hoc tests for the purpose of making comparisons between groups, click the Post Hoc button. Another dialogue box will appear where you can choose which post hoc tests you wish.

After the data are entered, select the Analyze General Linear Model Univariate option from the main menu. Select the outcome variable you wish to analyze by clicking on it and hitting the arrow to move them into the Dependent Variable box.

Move the variable that defines the different groups to the Fixed Factor s box. Page 26 of 36 Steps for Obtaining Descriptive Statistics 7. If you wish to get the means and standard deviations for each group, select the Options button. Select Descriptive statistics. If you wish to get eta-squared measures for the factor, click on Estimates of effect size. Move the name of the Factor to the Post Hoc Tests for box on the right-hand side.

First, enter the repeated measures data. A dialogue box will then appear for you to create the repeated measures factor. This box is necessary because SPSS does not yet know which columns you wish to identify as repeated measurements of the same underlying factor. In the Within-Subject Factor Name box, type in the name you wish to give to the repeated measures factor.Shaharyar Khan pinned post 24 Oct This allows the reader to independently perform the statistical tests on their own computer while following the instructions contained within the text.

Klaus D. To aid you in learning the topics quickly and effectively this book has been designed to be the ultimate step-by-step guide. The software package is most popular with social scientists, such as sociologists, psychologists, or economists, and market research professionals because its functionalities most closely respond to these groups' needs. Shaharyar Khan pinned post 1 Nov Phone or email. Notice that each participant has scores on both the Factor and on both instances of the Outcome Variable.

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If there is something that you don't understand, just remember that "Google is your friend.